The term biodiversity is a neologism that appeared in the early 1980s within the IUCN. It was not until the Rio Conference on Environment and Development, organized by the United Nations in 1992, that this term was widely popularized.
According to Mc Neely (1990), biological diversity encompasses all species of plants, animals and micro-organisms as well as the ecosystems and ecological processes of which they are one of the elements, it is a general term that refers to the degree of natural variety including both the number and frequency of ecosystems, species and genes in a given set.
We can also cite the definition of the Convention, according to which the term biodiversity or biological diversity refers to the variability of living organisms from all sources including, among others, terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems and ecological complexes including- they are part of ; this includes diversity within species, between species and of ecosystems.
In this file, a presentation of the biodiversity of the Central African Republic through ecosystems is available.
|Trends and threats to biological diversity in the Central African Republic|